One of the common eyemaladies is pterygium. At times also namedas “Surfer’s Eye”, pterygium is benevolent growth of the conjunctiva.Conjunctiva is a transparent membrane that covers the white portion of the eye (i.e., the sclera) and forms the internal lining of the eyelids. Pterygium is common amid those who expendlots of time in the sun without any shielding gear (i.e. sunglasses). It normally develops from the side of the nose towards the opposite junction of the eye.
In initial phases, this eye disease can result in recurrent irritation in the eyes, redness, swelling and a relentless feeling of a foreign body being there in the eyes. In some circumstances, it might even cause bleeding of the eyes. In progressive phases, Pterygium can make the vision vague and possibly result in scarring of the cornea – a serious ailment that can cause astigmatism and long-standing loss of vision.
Causes of Pterygium
Pterygium is common amid those who expendlengthy hours in the sun without any protective gear. Therefore, it is commonly allied with protracted exposure to UV rays or extreme wind (which can result in dryness and itching). Surfers, water-sports buffs and snow-boarders/skiers tend to labor under this ailment as they are often exposed to detrimental UV radiation that is augmented and redirected by the water/snow surface.
Prevention and treatment
Prevention of Pterygium is as easy as wearing sunglasses when you are out in the sun and using artificial tear drops to keep the eyes well-greased.In the initial phases, this eye sickness can be treated via administration of artificial eye drops single-handedly. A perpetual treatment without resorting to surgery in progressive stages, however, is reticent.As of now, a multiplicity of treatments choices is obtainable to cure Pterygium, i.e. glue and suture application, irradiation and even membrane transplant.
To know more about Pterygium treatment in Dwarka, visit Bloom Vision Clinic today!
Dr. Abhishek Sharma
MBBS, MS – Ophthalmology
15 years experience overall | Ophthalmologist/ Eye Surgeon